The decrees and orders validating act 1936
Demands (for) reduction of land rent passed over almost immediately to demand for its total abolition. After communist leader Qu Qiubai seduced his daughter-in-law in 1924, Shen took another turn by joining the West Hill faction and attended the senior KMT leaders for a meeting in front of Sun Yat-sen's altar in Peking.
" Per anthology "" (Chinese Periodical Publication Inc, San Gabriel, Calif, 1992 edition), the first peasant movement leader should be ascribed to Shen Dingyi, a Shanghai CCP founder, who donated his family fortune to the revolution and later returned to his native town of the Yaqian-zhen Town, Xiaoshan-xian County, Zhejiang Province where he set up an elementary school and recruited a 68-year-old peasant called Li Chenghu for establishing a peasant association on Sept 27th of 1921. Expelled from the CCP as well as disliked by Chiang Kai-shek, Shen Dingyi was assassinated in Aug 1928 under some mysterious circumstances.
Mao Tse-tung, being forced to abandon his propaganda ministry post, then worked as director or president of the "Peasant Movement Lecture and Practice School" and hosted the 6th Session for activists of the peasant movements on May 3rd of 1926.
(Peng Pai was responsible for organizing five training sessions of activists prior to that.) In the Hunan-Hubei provinces, the communists organized the massive worker and peasant movements.
Eight villages in the Xiaoshan-Shaoxing area had imitated Yaqian in setting up the peasant associations within one month, which had a full set of the Yaqian peasant association declaration and guidelines transcribed. See Keith Schoppa's "", Berkeley, 1995.) Exploiting the land & peasant problems of China, Mao Tse-tung's Land Revolution (i.e., the Peasant Revolution or Agrarian Revolution), which was supposed to strive for the happiness of the masses of people, had inflicted only pains onto the Chinese peasants and enslaved the Chinese peasants into a caste of uneducated, docile and poverty-stricken people who had been deprived of both their land and their right to leave the land.
The government cracked down on the peasants' movement for its demands like the "reduction in land rents". This caste society was covered in another section of this website, where this webmaster discussed the deprivation of land with the formation of 'agricultural cooperatives' three years after the victory of the communist revolution.
More, Mao sought shelter in hometown Shaoshan as a result of falling out of favor among the communists in the Shanghai party headquarters, not a mission as ordered by the CCP Central.
Per Harold Isaacs, "the peasants had also begun to stir and group themselves into organizations before the revived Kuomintang made its appearance in 1924.
The modern Chinese peasant movement was cradled in Haifeng, in the East River districts of Kwangtung, by Peng Pai, one of the most appealing figures of the Chinese revolution." Peng Pai, similar to Mao, was born in a landlord's family.
Again, per Harold Isaacs, "thus begun, the organization spread rapidly to neighboring districts and the framework of a Kwangtung Provincial Peasant Association was already in existence before the middle of 1923...
Peasant struggles against the landlords, against the magistrates, police, and soldiery, multiplied throughout the East River districts and ignited similar conflicts in the west and north of the province...
Search for the decrees and orders validating act 1936:
The CCP deprived senior leader Chen Duxiu of the party leadership and claimed that China's revolution was not at the stage of the Russian 1905 Revolution but the Russian 1917 Revolution.